[RE] Structure

A DLR train fitted with a biocentric green sleeve.

Existing trains and tracks are greened using biocentric mats and sleeves.

Retrofitted green buses act as urban air conditioners.

A map showing the ecological connectivity London’s buses could create.

A map showing how ecological connectivity could be created along the DLR route.

Railway terminal roofs, tracks and walls are covered in ‘working’ vegetation.

Buses fitted with biocentric mats on their roofs.

Passengers depart a newly retrofitted DLR station.

Buses could be retrofitted with biocentric sleeves.

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[RE] Structure

Retrofitting Londonís buses and the DLR as urban air conditioners


[RE] Structure proposes that anthropocentric transport infrastructure can also be biocentric, and offers ways to retrofit London’s key public transport arteries so that they also connect the city ecologically.

Biocentric ‘mats’ and ‘sleeves’ would be layered on top of existing formal elements of public transport infrastructure, such as buses and the DLR. The flexible mobility of the bus, with its roof mat of vegetation selected to maximize surface area and absorb particulate (PM10s) and gaseous pollution, would act as an urban air conditioner.

The ‘sleeve’ provides a medium for algal growth, which would act as a biocentric engine, cleansing surface run-off and producing a rich array of by-products that are fed back in to the infrastructure as an unseen element to support further ecological connectivity.

The universal nature of this retrofit toolbox would reinforce London’s position as a centre of innovation and, at the same time, gives its transport infrastructure, and therefore the city, a unique identity.




All London

Submitted by

Scott Badham and Ian Fisher


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